Who is God? - The Fact
The fact that God exists is so obvious, both through creation and through man’s conscience, that the Bible calls the atheist (one who claims there is no God) a “fool” (Psalm 14:1). Accordingly, the Bible never attempts to prove the existence of God; rather, it assumes His existence from the very beginning (Genesis 1:1). What the Bible does is reveal the nature, character, and work of God.
Who is God? - The Definition
Thinking correctly about God is of utmost importance. There are many false ideas about God. In Psalm 50:21, God answers the wicked man with this accusation: “You thought I was altogether like you.” To start with, a good summary definition of God is “the Supreme Being; the Creator and Ruler of all that is; the Self-existent One who is perfect in power, goodness, and wisdom.”
Who is God? - His Nature
We know certain things to be true of God for one reason: in His mercy He has revealed some of His qualities to us. God is spirit, by nature He cannot be seen or touched (John 4:24). God is infinite (1 Timothy 1:17) (has no beginning, end or limits), incomparable (2 Samuel 7:22)(nothing can be compared to him), and unchanging (Malachi 3:6)(his character remains the same forever). God exists everywhere (Psalm 139:7-12), knows everything (Psalm 147:5;Isaiah 40:28), and has all power and authority (Ephesians 1;Revelation 19:6).
Who is God? – The Trinity
God is One Being, but He exists as three Persons—God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit (Matthew 3:16-17). All three Persons agree with one another and no one of them does anything apart from the others. Each person has his own personal characteristics, and each Person is different from the others. Yet the three Persons are equal in being, power, honor and fame. Each one is called God and each one has the same characteristics described below. Each Person does certain works and activities.
Who is God? - His Character
Here are some of God’s characteristics as revealed in the Bible: God is just (Acts 17:31), loving (Ephesians 2:4-5), truthful (John 14:6), and holy (1 John 1:5). God shows compassion (2 Corinthians 1:3), mercy (Romans 9:15), and grace (Romans 5:17). God judges sin (Psalm 5:5) but also offers forgiveness (Psalm 130:4).
Who is God? - His Work
We cannot understand God apart from His works, because what God does flows from who He is. Here is an short list of God’s works, past, present, and future: God created the world (Genesis 1:1; Isaiah 42:5); He actively sustains the world (Colossians 1:17)(keeps everything going); He is carrying out His eternal plan (Ephesians 1:11) which involves the redemption of humanity, the rescuing and setting us free from the curse of sin and death (Galatians 3:13-14); He draws people to Christ (John 6:44); He disciplines (lovingly trains) His children (Hebrews 12:6); and He will judge the world (Revelation 20:11-15).
Who is God? - A Relationship with Him
In the Person of the Son, God became incarnate, coming in human form as a man, the man Jesus Christ (John 1:14). Jesus, the Son of God became the Son of Man and is therefore the “bridge” between God and man (John 14:6;1 Timothy 2:5). It is only through the Son that we can have forgiveness of sins (Ephesians 1:7), reconciliation with God (change of relationship from being enemies to becoming friends) (John 15:15; Romans 5:10), and eternal salvation, being rescued, delivered, made safe and preserved for God (2 Timothy 2:10). In Jesus Christ “all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form” (Colossians 2:9). So, to really know who God is, all we have to do is learn about Jesus, who is now sitting at God’s right hand in heaven. We do this by reading and studying God’s Word, the Bible.
All of these truths are found in the Bible, the subject of our next lesson.